Ransomware involves the execution of malicious software or a script on a victim's computer. It is typically spread by phishing emails and the victim unwittingly downloading and executing a ransomware payload on their computer.  

In general, there are two types of ransomware, the most common in recent years uses industry proven strong encryption to quickly encrypt files (i.e. word docs, excel, pictures etc). on a victim's PC and network drives. After which the software demands a payment in return to providing the user with a decryption key. The other type of ransomware locks the user out of their operating system or specific applications like internet explorer, although the files aren't encrypted cybercriminals still ask for a ransom to be paid to return access to the victim.

The file encryption ransom has been a growing problem in the last couple of years, impacting both home users and businesses. Our most important piece of advice is to ensure backup of data files on a regular basis. Thanks to cheap cloud storage solutions, data backup for both home and business users are cheaper and more efficient than ever.

So here's our recommended free ransomware help.

No More Ransom! https://www.nomoreransom.org/
The “No More Ransom” website is an initiative by the National High Tech Crime Unit of the Netherlands’ police, Europol’s European Cybercrime Centre and two cybersecurity companies – Kaspersky Lab and Intel Security – with the goal to help victims of ransomware retrieve their encrypted data without having to pay the criminals.
Kaspersky Ransomware Decryptor  https://noransom.kaspersky.com/
Decryption tools and education on ransomware. 
Microsoft Malware Protection Center https://noransom.kaspersky.com/
Excellent advice and guidance on Ransomware for both home users and corporate users by Microsoft  




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